All appropriate issues associated with the transportation, article and telecommunication groups.

Odvetvova hospodarska a socialna rada v rezorte zdravotnictva (Sectoral economic and social council inside healthcare industry)

Dilemmas related to the handling of the industry.

Workplace-level staff member representation

Staff representation is regulated by Labour Code. Until 2001, staff members happened to be represented merely by trade unions. Since 2002, workers is generally symbolized possibly by trade unions or by really works councils or personnel trustees. Since 2003, a dual route of representation might implemented whereby works councils/employee trustees can coexist with trade unions at institutions.

Worker associates have the to details, assessment, co-decision and control of activities. Nevertheless, best trade unions have entitlement to access collective bargaining. In establishments without collective arrangement, operates councils can conclude contracts with administration on employment and working conditions (nevertheless these agreements do not have the same reputation as collective agreement). Trade union organisations, members of performs councils and staff member trustees are chosen because of the staff members at institutions. More often than not, the main staff member consultant bodies at work environment become trade unions. Information about the process of trade unions and their synergy with control usually are consented in collective agreements. Work councils are not qualified for take part in collective negotiating, nevertheless they can conclude some contracts using the control in corporations in which no collective contract was concluded.

Regulation, composition and competences from the body



Competences of this human anatomy involved with company-level collective bargaining?

Thresholds/rules when they must be/can feel set up

Zamestnanecka rada (Performs council)

Indeed, by the Labor Laws

At providers with no less than 50 workers

Odborova organizacia (Trade union)

Certainly, from the Work Code

About three employees

Zamestnanecky dovernik (staff member trustee)

Yes, by the Labor Signal

At enterprises with

Collective bargaining

Bargaining program

Collective bargaining was voluntary when it comes down to personal lovers and occurs without interference through the condition. Two-tier collective bargaining happen at sector and organization amounts, where multiemployer and single-employer collective contracts can be determined. No national-level collective negotiating exists in Slovakia. Arrangements decided in multiemployer plus single-employer collective agreements were legitimately binding for your contracting parties. There isn’t any individual collective bargaining for white- and blue-collar employees. Multiemployer collective contracts tends to be expanded to businesses carrying out comparable strategies by NACE. Collective contracts were just as placed on all staff, whether or not or otherwise not they’re a part of a trade union.

During the last a decade there is a trend inside decentralisation of bargaining from the sector on team stage. For instance, 27 and 23 new multiemployer collective agreements had been licensed from the MPSVR SR in 2011 and 2012, correspondingly. In 2017 and 2018 similarly 14 latest multiemployer agreements had been subscribed. In 2022, 20 latest multiemployer collective agreements are signed up. Wage negotiating insurance

Based on the social lovers, up to 35per cent of staff members within the nationwide economic climate include covered by a collective contract. Based on the ECS 2013, about 30percent of workers are secure at the organization amount and additionally all stages. At sectoral or local level, the plans is about 10per cent. Similarly, on occupational and cross-sectoral values, the coverage is 10per cent.

Collective wage negotiating insurance of employees from different resources

Root: Eurofound, European business study 2022 (ECS), exclusive market businesses with businesses >10 employees (NACE B-S) a€“ numerous responses possible; Eurostat, build of income research (SES), firms >10 workers (NACE B-SxO), solitary answer for each local product: above 50per cent of workforce covered by these an agreement a€“ web dataset rules: [EARN_SES10_01], [EARN_SES14_01], [EARN_SES18_01] (portion of employees working in regional units where over 50% associated with the workers are sealed under a collective cover agreement resistant to the total number of workers when you look at the extent with the study); OECD/AIAS ICTWSS Database 2021.

In accordance with the KOZ SR, the overall protection of workforce by team collective contracts in Slovakia got 26.4percent in 2022. Inside personal market, the protection had been 15.4per cent, definitely more than information from ECS 2022. All round protection by collective agreements is actually, but larger (around 35percent) because staff members in a large amount agencies, that are not covered by organization agreements, were protected by multiemployer contracts.

Bargaining grade

Collective bargaining happens on two level. Besides single-employer collective negotiating at providers/establishment stage, multiemployer collective bargaining also occurs in most industries throughout the market. Multiemployer and single-employer collective bargaining plays a crucial role from inside the working problems, working some time and wages of employees. Multiemployer collective negotiating is very important, but single-employer collective bargaining is actually principal. Collective bargaining exists in exclusive and additionally public areas. As an example, in the community market individual multiemployer (multisector) collective agreements become concluded for civil and community service. The collective arrangement for general public providers addresses mostly staff members inside the studies (like analysis) and health care sectors.

Levels of collective negotiating, 2022

State stage (intersectoral)

Sectoral levels

Providers levels


Operating times


Functioning times


Functioning time

Key or principal levels

Important but not prominent stage

Present stage


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